The Complete Guide to Psychedelic Legalization

As the psychedelics ecosystem experiences increased funding, opportunities for investors, careers, and commerce will grow. 

With this increase in economic activity, legislative changes are likely to follow, as the government’s regulatory framework is usually influenced more by financial pressure rather than by scientific data.

Fortunately, much of the increase in funding is going towards new scientific studies that continue to show that psychedelic medicine is just as, if not more, effective than traditional pharmaceutical drugs. 

For those looking to understand where, and how psychedelic laws are changing, Psychedelic Invest has created an in depth resource to track past and upcoming changes. This will allow investors and entrepreneurs alike to participate in the exciting changes that are already happening in the psychedelics world. 

Are Psychedelics Illegal in the United States?

Simply put, understanding psychedelic drug laws is extremely confusing. 

First of all, there are a variety of different types of psychedelics that each have unique characteristics. Some grow naturally in nature, while others are synthetically manufactured in labs. Depending on how and where these substances are grown or manufactured can dictate their legal standing. 

Second of all, within the United States, legal structures differ among Federal, State, and Local jurisdictions. That means that the laws in the city of Denver may differ from the laws of the state of Colorado, which may differ from the laws of the United States. Although Federal laws supersede all State and Local laws, there are a variety of confusing exclusions. 

Furthermore, whether you are consuming, possessing, selling, transporting, or cultivating/manufacturing also matters. 

When directly answering the question, “Are psychedelics illegal in the United States,” the answer is… 

Yes, psychedelic drugs are illegal in the US per the Psychotropic Substances Act of 1978. This legislation was implemented to ensure compliance with the United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances, which became effective in 1976. 

However, psychedelic drug laws are changing very quickly. Similar to cannabis laws, there are a lot of grey areas. Below, you will find a variety of explanations and resources to provide better understanding of today’s psychedelic drug laws.

Psychedelic Legalization Map

A state by state guide to Psychedelic legalization

Use the map below to quickly view a state or US territory’s psychedelic legalization status. Click on the state name to view more information regarding its psychedelic laws.

State Psilocybin Ketamine DMT / Ayahuasca
Alabama

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Illegal as a Schedule I controlled substance, but allowed for specific religious groups

Alaska

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Arizona

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Arkansas

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

California

Partially Decriminalized

Decriminalized in Oakland & Santa Cruz

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Decriminalized in Oakland & Santa Cruz

Colorado

Partially Decriminalized

Decriminalized in Denver

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Connecticut

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Delaware

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Florida

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Georgia

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Hawaii

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Idaho

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Illinois

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Indiana

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Iowa

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Kansas

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Kentucky

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Louisiana

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Maine

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Maryland

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Massachusetts

Partially Decriminalized

Decriminalized in Somerville, Northampton & Cambridge

Medical

Partially Decriminalized

Decriminalized in Somerville, Northampton & Cambridge

Michigan

Partially Decriminalized

Decriminalized in Ann Arbor & Washtenaw County

Medical

Partially Decriminalized

Decriminalized in Ann Arbor & Washtenaw County

Minnesota

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Mississippi

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Missouri

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Montana

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Nebraska

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Nevada

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

New Hampshire

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

New Jersey

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

New Mexico

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

New York

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

North Carolina

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

North Dakota

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Ohio

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Oklahoma

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Oregon

Medical* / Decriminalized

*Legal for mental health treatment under supervision; Decrimalized for recreational use

Decriminalized

Decriminalized

Pennsylvania

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Rhode Island

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

South Carolina

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

South Dakota

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Tennessee

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Texas

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Utah

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Vermont

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Virginia

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Washington

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Washington, D.C.

Decriminalized

Medical

Decriminalized

West Virginia

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Wisconsin

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Wyoming

Illegal

Medical

Illegal (Religious Exemption)

Learn more about psychedelic legalization: